They're a blight on America's suburban landscape: hulking dead shopping malls, many with boarded windows, sagging rooftops and parking lots full of weeds. The American shopping mall saw its Golden Age from towhen 1, malls were built across the country.
But no new enclosed mega-mall has been built since And while about 1, malls are still standing, many have been abandoned and sit on cabalizer server outskirts of American cities like strange coffins of commerce. In a new book called " Black Friday ," the photographer Seph Lawless captures the demise of many of these dead malls in images charged with a kind of haunting beauty.
That was America. It was a more vibrant time for us. Opened inthe south suburban mall closed in The edifice of the dead mall wasn't fully dismantled untiland now it's just a memory. Another south suburban mall in Matteson, Lincoln Mall, has suffered greatly over the last 25 years, losing its anchor tenants and most of its foot traffic.
Renovations got under way in a much-ballyhooed project within the last decade, but the work has sputtered. Last year, the village was forced to sue the mall owner for numerous building code and safety violations. A west-suburban mall in St. The website DeadMalls. Some are dead, some are dying, some are just memories, but a few have been reborn and are experiencing new life as viable commercial centers.
Brementown Mall in Tinley Park, for example, once home to a movie theater, is now occupied by one of America's largest Menard's home improvement stores. Last year, The Plaza in Evergreen Park finally closed after 61 years in operation. In its last decades, the mall struggled mightily to retain shoppers. The ongoing struggles of the big department store chains, namely Sears and JCPenney, are affecting many of the nation's remaining malls.
JCPenney announced in January that it would close 33 stores nationwide. The loss of an anchor tenant can be devastating. Outlet mallshowever, are thriving. Developers opened 11 new outlet centers inmore than quadruple the number that opened in High-end malls, with anchor stores such as Nordstrom or Saks Fifth Avenue, are also flourishing, said Ryan McCullough, a real estate economist at CoStar, a commercial real estate research firm.
The Promenade in Bolingbrook, an open-air mall with many higher-end retail outlets and restaurants, opened in Per square foot, luxury malls saw a Michael Dart, co-author of the book " The New Rules of Retail ," said traditional shopping malls are failing where these high-end malls are succeeding: providing consumers with something they can't get on the Internet.
Guests can enjoy upscale food courts, fancy interiors and live entertainment. Novelty and exclusivity, he said, lure consumers away from their computers and into these malls.
In malls where stores have closed shop, vacant space has been converted into religious, medical or school facilities. For malls that have faced store closures, this is a positive, creative reuse of that space, McCullough said. Nearby Places.
The golden age of the mall is long gone, and many of the malls are, too. A few are being reborn, however, as the shopping landscape changes. Back to the Tinley Used firefighter gear Patch. Read more local news from Tinley Park.
Find out what's happening in Tinley Park with free, real-time updates from Patch. You're now signed up for local updates. Daily Newsletter The latest Tinley Park news delivered to your inbox every morning.As one of the first post-war suburban shopping centers in the US, the Northgate Mall in northern Seattle defines classic mall architecture. In the decades that followed, malls around the country copied Northgate's layout, which became the model for most American malls throughout the late 20th century.
This design may not be working in the 21st century, however. Sears also said Thursday that it's closing 63 storeson top of the more than locations it has already shuttered this year. Traditional malls need to transform themselves to stay alive, and many are making changes to attract more business — including Northgate. Developers are now turning many of the mall's parking spaces into a light rail stationwhich will connect the neighborhood to downtown Seattle.
Malls of the future have an opportunity to fulfill other community needs besides commerce, June Williamsona City College of New York architecture professor and the author of "Retrofitting Suburbia," told Business Insider.
The US also just built too many malls, Williamson said. In the mid-'90s, the number of American malls peaked at around 1, Today, there are only about 1, left.
Only so many consumers are going to malls, and they will flock to newer ones. If developers build a new mall, they are inevitably undercutting another property.
So older properties have to get re-positioned every decade, or they will die. Closed department stores will likely become other businesses that can benefit from the large square-footage, like fitness centers, churches, offices, public libraries, and even medical clinics, Williamson said.
The other half is still retail space today. In latethe Milpitas Planning Commission in California also approved a plan to turn the abandoned department store in the Milpitas Town Center into a hour gym. Retail stores are not the only mall businesses that are struggling.
Those in the food court are having a hard time, too. InSbarro — the Italian chain that was a food court staple — filed for bankruptcyand closed of its American locations, most of which were in malls.
List of shopping malls in the United States
As The New York Times noted at the time, " The company is in financial trouble because one of its big bets on real estate — that Americans will keep going to mall food courts en masse — has turned out to be wrong.
Since most food courts have a lot of natural light, they could be used as gathering spaces for community groups or child daycare centers if they close down, Williamson said.
When a mall doesn't draw a ton of shoppers, the atrium becomes under-utilized space that the owner is still paying lease on. Though not in the US, Toronto's largely abandoned Galleria Mall has come up with another clever use for its atrium: hosting dance parties.
As Vice reportedthe mall periodically turns itself into a club, called " Shoppers Dance Mart. When anchor stores pull out, the leases for the other smaller stores often become too high. So they will re-locate to another, more thriving mall, or they close. In St. Most malls have little plumbing and electrical capacity, which residential buildings demand. Large lots are more susceptible to flooding, as well. Malls may increasingly and somewhat ironically turn their surface parking lots into space that emphasizes walking over cars.
Until the s, shopping centers had green plazas called "malls," until it became a term for the enclosed center itself.Many of the offers appearing on this site are from advertisers from which this website receives compensation for being listed here. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site including, for example, the order in which they appear. These offers do not represent all deposit accounts available.
In America, retail stores have been on the decline for some time, with many of the old standbys getting squeezed out by online retailers. Once the hub of most suburban communities, today, many once-thriving shopping malls have since gone belly up, turning from a bustling social meeting place to eerie reminders of the decline of brick-and-mortar retail. Take a look at what some of the dead and abandoned malls of America look like now that the economy has passed them by.
Rolling Acres, originally opened inonce boasted a three-screen movie theater, full-service food court, total stores and four major department stores, but things have been on the decline financially and otherwise for some time.
The mall has changed ownership several times, had the lights shut off for nonpayment of its electricity bill insaw a man electrocuted while trying to steal copper wire in and, finally, the city of Akron started demolition of the space in October Amazon purchased the site of the mall and started construction on a fulfillment center there in Decemberthe Akron Beacon Journal reported.
The nearly 2. The first phase of the Cloverleaf Mall had its grand opening in with 42 stores anchored by mega-retailers JCPenney and Sears, and a second phase opening a year later with what was, at the time, the largest JCPenney store in the state.
However, the business began to erode in the s when two clerks were murdered during an apparent robbery of an All for One store and the nearby Chesterfield Towne Center was renovated. Cloverleaf Mall closed its doors for good in There is also a apartment complex on-site, as well as a recreation center.
Opened by James Hinton, Sr. It had four anchor stores, a screen movie theater, a food court and 40 other retail locations at its peak. However, its lack of proximity to the highway has proven to be a problem over the years.
After the opening of the Buckland Hills Mall inbusiness slowly eroded over the next decade. The site was torn down in Built inthe Macon Mall has been serving residents of Macon, Georgia, for over 40 years. JCPenney closed inadding to the closures of Sears and Belk in The Charlestowne Mall in St. Charles, Illinois, actually has two of its anchors — Von Maur and Classic Cinemas — still open for business, but the interior closed in December There are plans to redevelop the property for a combination of residential, retail and commercial use.A dead mall or ghost mallor simply abandoned mall is a shopping mall with a high vacancy rate or a low consumer traffic level, or that is dated or deteriorating in some manner.
Many malls in North America are considered "dead" for the purposes of leasing when they have no surviving anchor store or successor that could attract people to the mall. Without the pedestrian traffic that department stores previously generated, sales volumes decline for almost all stores and rental revenues from those stores can no longer sustain the costly maintenance of the malls.
Without good pedestrian access, smaller stores inside malls are difficult to reach. In many instances, a mall begins dying when its surrounding neighborhood undergoes a socio-economic decline. In the case of the Cloverleaf Mall in Chesterfield, Virginiawhich had operated successfully in the s and s; by the s, its "best customers, women, began staying away from the mall, fearful of the youth who were beginning to congregate there.
Structural changes in the department-store industry have also made survival of these malls difficult. These changes have contributed to some areas or suburbs having insufficient traditional department stores to fill all the existing larger-lease-area anchor spaces.
A few large national chains have replaced many local and regional chains, and some national chains are defunct. In the US and Canada, newer " big box " chains also referred to as "category killers" such as WalmartTarget Corporation and Best Buy normally prefer purpose-built free-standing buildings rather than using mall-anchor spaces.
Attitudes about malls have also been changing. With changing priorities, people have less time to spend driving to and strolling through malls and, during the Great Recessionspecialty stores offered what many shoppers saw as useless luxuries they could no longer afford. In this respect, big box stores and conventional strip malls have a time-saving advantage.
Top 9 Most Surreal Abandoned Shopping Malls In United States
The number of dead malls has increased significantly because the economic health of malls across the United States has been in decline, with high vacancy rates in many of these malls. Some real estate experts say the "fundamental problem" is a glut of malls in many parts of the country creating a market that is "extremely over-retailed".
A retail apocalypse that started in the s made the dead mall situation even more noticeable, due to the complete closing of several retailers, as well as anchor tenants Macy's and J. Penney closing many locations and the sharp decline in Sears Holdings.
Dead malls are occasionally redeveloped. Leasing or management companies may change the architecture, layout, decor, or other component of a shopping center to attract more renters and draw more profits. Several dead malls have been significantly renovated into open-air shopping centers. Allegheny Center Mall, a retail mall just north of downtown PittsburghPennsylvaniaclosed as a retail mall in the early s. The mall was successfully redeveloped into office space, but much of the space was taken by telecommunications carriers, data center operators, and Internet Service Providersand is now a major carrier hotel serving southwestern Pennsylvania.
Yet another use for a former mall can be seen in Lexington, Kentuckywhere Lexington Mall was partially demolished and converted into a satellite worship center for a local megachurch. Other times, redevelopment can mean the conversion from a shopping mall into an open-air, mixed-use area.
This often entails the demolition of parts of or all of the former shopping mall. An example of this can be seen in Fairfax County, Virginiawhere the old Springfield Mall was converted into Springfield Town Centera mixed-use development that includes a screen movie theatre, shops, and restaurants with outdoor seating and entrances. As a last resort, the structure is demolished completely and the property redeveloped for other uses, known as building on a greyfield site.
In jurisdictions such as Vermont with a strict permitting process or in major urban areas where open fields are long gonethis greyfielding can be much easier and cheaper than building on a greenfield site. A proposal called "Re-Habit" by an Architecture Firm in California  is to use portions of struggling malls, particularly vacated big box space, for homeless housing.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.An inside look at nine abandoned malls. There is nothing creepier and more fascinating.
Dead malls are popping up all over the states, particularly in the Midwest, where economic decline has sped up the "going out of business" process. This map, put together by a Dead Malls Enthusiasts Facebook groupshows that well. As Americans are faced with multiple shopping options and more stores are leaving malls, it should be interesting to see if malls and mall culture will survive.
What you are about to see is what happens when malls are abandoned. It's apocalyptic and really, really creepy. The Rolling Acres Mall opened in and expanded several times throughout its history. At one point, it had more than stores. On Dec. The Hawthorne Plaza Mall was opened in in partial hopes to revive the city of Hawthorne. At one point, it had stores, but during the '90s the mall went into decline. Byit had closed.
The mall is featured in 's Evolution and 's Minority Report. The Cloveleaf Mall opened in with 40 shops anchored by J. Penney and Sears. The mall was a popular hangout for families in the '70s and '80s, but according to the Chesterfield Observer"That all changed in the s.
Cloverleaf's best customers, women, began staying away from the mall, fearful of the youth who were beginning to congregate there. People started seeing kids with huge baggy pants and chains hanging off their belts, and people were intimidated, and they would say there were gangs. The North Towne Square mall opened in in hopes of reviving the north end of Toledo.
During the '90s, the economy in Toledo was on the downturn and by the early s, stores were leaving the mall. Inthe mall was closed and finally demolished in The Woodville mall, like other Ohio malls, experienced an economic decline in the '90s. The mall was opened in and by the early s most stores had left.
Init was demolished. Crestwood Mall opened in and stayed open for more than 55 years. At one point, it had over 90 stores and 4 anchor stores. According to St. Louis Today"Like many longtime indoor malls across the country, it is changing because of age, location, new ways of shopping, and increased competition from newer shopping centers and the Internet.
Inthe mall was put up for sale, and if sold, will most likely be razed. The Dixie Square Mall opened in and only stayed open for 13 years. Inthe Blues Brothers movie shot its iconic driving-through-the-mall scene there. Later that year, the mall closed due to a spike in crime.Once upon a time back just twenty years ago, big cities like Syracuse and even smaller towns like Fishkill had malls that were a major part of growing up for the kids in the area.
Some of these malls started out as outdoor shopping centers, like the Baldwin Place mini mall in Mahopac, New York. It was easy to expand the site, add benches and overhead coverings to give any shopping center the distinctive mall feel. It was big news for the little town of Mahopac.
To be able to shop and have lunch in one area reminded the old timers of the cafeterias and automats in New York Department Stores. These days however, not only are the malls closing, but the small adjacent shopping plazas that would come into view as patrons exited the mall parking lots have been demolished or converted to office space. New York State has one of the highest rates of closed shopping malls in the country. Most of the closed malls have been located in upstate New York.
Theses are only a sampling of the many malls in New York that have closed. Pop culture celebrated shopping malls with films like Fast Times at Ridgemont High in which a large portion of the cast spent their days and nights working in the malls food courts and movie theaters.
Mall Rats was another film dedicated to the role malls played in youth culture. Even horror films celebrated mall culture. While the emergence of so-called Dead Malls have saddened many people who love the experiences of shopping under a roof of glass and neon, there are those that search out the facilities of closed shopping centers.
Not all malls in New York are closing. Visitors travel to Syracuse, New York with that mall on their list of must see sites. The super mall has four levels and a giant carousel still in place.
Syracuse had six malls close in rapid succession in recent years which proves that only the large, multi-level powerhouse malls still survive. Many former malls have been torn down and replaced by large super chain stores. The remains of one such mall, The Dutchess Mall, the first to be built in Dutchess County, now features a large Home Depot, right smack dab in the middle of the former mall site. At this once popular Fishkill Mall you can see frames of the anchor stores, Jamesway and Service Merchandise.
The fact is that the Dutchess Mall was built in Ben Axelson baxelson nyup. Dead and dying malls in Upstate NY. The website DeadMalls. Across all 50 states, New York has the most so-called "dead malls. Take a look through Upstate NY's dead and dying shopping malls. Did we miss one?
Let us know in the comments, and share your favorite memories of these malls. Amsterdam Mall Amsterdam. Now titled "The Amsterdam Riverfront Center," this small former mall is now almost entirely office space. Clifton Country Mall Clifton Park. The Clifton Country Mall is dead, but only in a manner of speaking. The mall had a facelift and a rebranding as the Clifton Park Center Mall, and while anchor stores have changed and parts of the mall have been redeveloped, it still stands.
Cohoes Commons Cohoes. Cohoes Commons was an urban mall that once housed a number of upscale outlets. It is now primarily office space. Latham Circle Mall Latham. The last anchor store, J. Penney, closed in Google StreetView. Malta Mall Round Lake. The former Malta Mall housed a Grand Union, among other stores. It was torn down and replaced with a Hannaford and additional retail space.
Mohawk Mall Schenectady. Northway Mall Albany. It is now a big box retail center. Saratoga Mall Wilton. The former Saratoga Mall fell into decline when the larger Wilton Mall went up next door. It has been replaced by a big box strip center known as Wilton Square. Apollo Plaza Monticello. This "abandoned, decrepit ,square-foot mall" was sold in Developers are looking to bring in national retailers.
Dutchess Mall Fishkill. This former enclosed mall was demolished and replaced with a Home Depot. The location includes a few other retailers, and the Dutchess Marketplace Flea Market. Hudson Valley Mall Kingston. The Hudson Valley Mall has had ups and downs over the years, but with the recent closure of anchor stores Macy's and J.